Medical Uses of Adderall
Adderall is an amphetamine-type drug with a powerful psychostimulatory effect. The drug is a mixture of two salts of amphetamine, stereoisomers and inactive components. The medicine acts on the brain by making it throw serotonin, dopamine, and adrenaline into the blood – substances that cause a feeling of vivacity, pleasure, and joy. The least negative side effects of the drug but the effects that have made it popular include an increase of mental endurance and perseverance, as well as a sense of relaxation and euphoria.
Common medical uses of Adderall include:
- Adderall is intended primarily for the treatment of ADHD in children and narcolepsy.
- Adderall is used in therapeutic doses to improve memory, endurance, if necessary, to boost productivity.
- Adderall is prescribed as a drug that stimulates the central nervous system. Occasionally, its use is possible with severe depressive states, obesity, and effects of encephalitis.
- It is also used illegally as a cognitive enhancer, an aphrodisiac, and for the sake of a euphoric effect.
Taking Adderall for increasing productivity:
- In therapeutic doses, psychostimulants such as Adderall increase productivity when passing memory tests, which is observed in healthy individuals and in patients with ADHD.
- Adderall may also increase sexual arousal and affects the adjacent nucleus, increasing productivity when performing complex and time-consuming tasks. This is the reason for using amphetamine drugs by college and high school students as a “dope” when passing tests during the school year. Based on data from studies of the independent illegal use of stimulants among students, it was shown that students use stimulants to increase productivity, and not at all for the purposes of recreational use.
- In doses far exceeding medical ones, Adderall has an impact on working memory and cognitive control.
- Thanks to their strong stimulatory effects, amphetamines are also sometimes used in some sports. However, in competitive sports such use is usually prohibited by anti-doping rules. Very high doses of Adderall can cause side effects such as acute skeletal muscle necrosis and hyperthermia, reducing athletic performance.
- In moderate therapeutic doses, Adderall helps to increase physical strength, acceleration, endurance, while reducing the reaction time. Adderall increases endurance in humans, primarily by inhibiting the dopamine reuptake in the CNS.
An overdose of Adderall rarely ends in death but can lead to a number of symptoms. In case of a moderate Adderall overdose, a person may experience symptoms such as arrhythmia, confusion, urination disorder, urinary hesitation, delayed urination, hypertension or hypotension, hyperthermia, hyperreflexia, muscle pain, acute arousal, tachypnea, and tremor. In case of a very severe overdose, a number of symptoms can develop such as a sharp increase in adrenaline and norepinephrine levels in the blood, amphetamine psychosis, anuria, cardiogenic shock, cerebral hemorrhage, vascular collapse, hyperpyrexia, pulmonary hypertension, renal failure, acute skeletal muscle necrosis, serotonin syndrome, and stereotypy. Lethal poisoning with amphetamine is also usually associated with convulsions and coma.